ActiveX Data Object (ADO) is a programming interface from
Microsoft that is designed as "the" Microsoft standard for data access.
Computer Interface to Message Distribution (CIMD) is a
proprietary short message service center protocol developed by Nokia.
External Machine Interface
(EMI) is an extension to Universal Computer Protocol (UCP). Primarily used to
connect to short message service centers for mobile telephones.
In a communication
network, a network node equipped for interfacing with another network that uses
different protocols. A gateway may contain devices such as protocol translators,
impedance matching devices, rate converters, fault isolators, or signal
translators as necessary to provide system interoperability. It also requires
that mutually acceptable administrative procedures be established between the
Open DataBase Connectivity (ODBC), a standard database access
method developed by the SQL Access group in 1992. The goal of ODBC is to make
it possible to access any data from any application, regardless of which
database management system (DBMS) is handling the data. ODBC manages this by
inserting a middle layer, called a database driver, between an application and
the DBMS. The purpose of this layer is to translate the application's data
queries into commands that the DBMS understands. For this to work, both the
application and the DBMS must be ODBC-compliant -- that is, the application
must be capable of issuing ODBC commands and the DBMS must be capable of
responding to them. Since version 2.0, the standard supports SAG SQL.
Object Linking and Embedding DB (OLE DB) is Microsoft's
strategic low-level application program interface (API) for access to different
data sources. OLE DB includes not only the Structured Query Language (SQL)
capabilities of the Microsoft-sponsored standard data interface Open Database
Connectivity (ODBC) but also includes access to data other than SQL data.
A mobile IT company that
operates a mobile communication network.
A set of formal rules
describing how to transmit data, especially across a network.
High level protocols deal with the data formatting, including
the syntax of messages, the terminal to computer dialogue,
character sets, sequencing of messages etc.
In computer networking
the term routing refers to selecting paths in a computer network along which to
send data. Routing directs forwarding, the passing of logically addressed
packets from their source toward their ultimate destination through intermediary
nodes (called routers). The routing process usually directs forwarding on the
basis of routing tables within the routers, which maintain a record of the best
routes to various network destinations. Thus the construction of routing tables
becomes very important for efficient routing.
The short message peer-to-peer
protocol (SMPP) is a telecommunications industry protocol for exchanging SMS
messages between SMS entities such as short message service centers. It is often
used to allow third parties (e.g. value-added service providers like news
organizations) to submit messages, often in bulk.
An SMS center (SMSC)
is responsible for handling the SMS operations of a wireless network. When an
SMS message is sent from a mobile phone, it will reach an SMS center first. The
SMS center then forwards the SMS message towards the destination. An SMS message
may need to pass through more than one network entity (e.g. SMSC and SMS gateway)
before reaching the destination. The main duty of an SMSC is to route SMS
messages and regulate the process. If the recipient is unavailable (for example,
when the mobile phone is switched off), the SMSC will store the SMS message. It
will forward the SMS message when the recipient is available.
Structured query language,
pronounced either "sequel" or as separate letters.
SQL is a standardized query language
for requesting information from a database.
Interface (EMI), also known as the Universal Computer Protocol (UCP), is a
protocol primarily used to connect to short message service centers for mobile
A URL is the address of a website
on the World Wide Web.