Ozeki NG SMS Gateway logo OZEKI NG SMS Gateway
"The World's most reliable SMS gateway software!"
info@ozekisms.com
Tel.: +36 1 371 0150
SMS Gateway to send SMS via GSM modem or IP SMS connection Overview SMS Gateway to send SMS via GSM modem or IP SMS connection SMS Gateway to send SMS via GSM modem or IP SMS connection Quick start SMS Gateway to send SMS via GSM modem or IP SMS connection SMS Gateway to send SMS via GSM modem or IP SMS connection Download SMS Gateway to send SMS via GSM modem or IP SMS connection SMS Gateway to send SMS via GSM modem or IP SMS connection Manual SMS Gateway to send SMS via GSM modem or IP SMS connection SMS Gateway to send SMS via GSM modem or IP SMS connection How to buy SMS Gateway to send SMS via GSM modem or IP SMS connection SMS Gateway to send SMS via GSM modem or IP SMS connection FAQ SMS Gateway to send SMS via GSM modem or IP SMS connection SMS Gateway to send SMS via GSM modem or IP SMS connection Contact Us SMS Gateway to send SMS via GSM modem or IP SMS connection
OZEKI NG SMS Gateway - Product Guide

SQL SMS API Contents | SearchAllow authentication

Home > Product Manual > Developers Guide > SQL SMS API > ASP.NET and MS SQL Server

SMS Gateway SMS Gateway Home

  Product Manual
  Introduction
  SMS technology
  Installation Guide
  User Guide
  Developers Guide
  Tutorials
  ASP SMS API
  PHP SMS API
  HTTP SMS API
  SQL SMS API
  ASP.NET and MS SQL Server
  Allow authentication
  Create database and user
  Start Ozeki NG GUI
  Create a database user in NG
  wwwroot
  Data field change
  Cheking the sending
  Ozeki database table layout
  State values
  C Sharp SMS API
  AJAX SMS API
  Delphi SMS API
  Cpp SMS API
  Java SMS API
  VB.NET SMS API
  Python SMS API
  Perl SMS API
  TCL/TK SMS API
  Coldfusion SMS API
  VB 6 SMS API
  Examples and Solutions
  Appendix
  FAQ
  Feature list
  Commercial Information
  Search
  Cookie policy
 


Automated phone calls?
Ozeki Phone System XE VoIP PBX software is an advanced PBX built for automated voice calls and 2 way SMS messaging. It has outstanding APIs for software developers. It can be used for:

Phone calls from SQL
Phone calls from HTTP
Voice and SMS applications

Callcenter developers
If you are working on telephone solutions, please check out the Ozeki VoIP SIP SDK.
It can be used to create VoIP client and server software.

Contact Us!
If you wish to get further information, do not hesitate to contact us!

E-mail: info@ozekisms.com

If you have a technical question, please submit a support request on-line.

Sending SMS using ASP.NET (C#) through MS SQL Server

Download source code

download full project (2.4 kB)

Introduction

This article is about sending SMS using ASP.NET through MS SQL Server. It is intended for web developers with a basic knowledge of the ASP.NET and SQL technologies. The reader should be familiar with Microsoft Visual Studio and the C# programming language. The page contains a downloadable source code (see above), a list of aims you can achieve using the code, a list of prerequisites, a description and depiction of the architecture and operation of the system, step-by-step instructions about how to use the code and a detailed interpretation. It also includes a brief summary, answers to frequently asked questions, as well as links to related information.

When to use this code

This code is particularly useful for those who wish to

  • add SMS functionality to a website.
  • add SMS functionality to a corporate Intranet.
  • create automated SMS notifications.
  • increase website security by adding SMS login.

Prerequisites

The following table lists the software requirements of the system. Note that you can download Ozeki NG - SMS Gateway and .NET Framework 3.5 on the download page.

Operating system: Windows XP, Windows 2003, Windows Vista, Windows 2008, Windows 2008 R2, Windows 7, Windows 2012 R2, Windows 8 or Windows 10
Other software requirements: Internet Information Services (IIS)
.NET Framework 3.5
Ozeki NG-SMS gateway
Microsoft SQL Server 2005 (Express Edition)
Development platform: Microsoft Visual Studio .NET

How it works

To send SMS messages from ASP.NET applications, you need to install Ozeki NG SMS Gateway and Microsoft SQL Server on your computer. Ozeki NG - SMS Gateway will use a GSM phone/modem attached to your PC (with a phone-to-PC data cable) or an IP SMS connection to send messages. Your ASP.NET application will insert a row into the database to send messages using the Ozeki NG program. For a better understanding of how it works, please look at the following diagram (Figure 1).


Figure 1 - Sending SMS from an ASP.NET application

In the diagram you can see an Internet user, a web server with the ASP.NET application, an SQL Server, Ozeki NG - SMS Gateway, a mobile phone attached to the server computer and a mobile user receiving the message. Wherever the Internet user is, if they know the IP address or URL of the computer running the ASP script, and if they are authorized to log in, they can compose and send messages to any recipients. After the Internet user's action, the ASP.NET application inserts a row with the data of the SMS to be sent, which will be selected by Ozeki NG - SMS Gateway from the database. Ozeki NG will forward the message to the GSM network through a mobile phone attached to the PC with a data cable, and the mobile user will receive the SMS message.

Configure the MS SQL Server

Step 1: To configure Microsoft SQL Server 2005, first install SQL Server Management Studio Express.
Step 2: Next, start SQL Server Management Studio Express and log in.
Step 3: If you would like to use a username and password to log in, you have to set the authentication mode. Picture help
Step 4: Now create the user and the database with tables. Follow this picture help.

Create a Database user in Ozeki NG - SMS Gateway

Step 1: Open Ozeki NG's graphical user interface (Start menu -> All Programs -> OzekiNG -> Manage OzekiNG). Picture help
Step 2: Create the database user in Ozeki NG with the necessary data following the instructions.

Using the code

To use the downloaded ASP code, follow these steps:

Step 1: Unpack the downloaded zip file.
Step 2: Copy the sqlsmshandling.aspx and sqlsmshandling.aspx.cs files into the "C:\Inetpub\wwwroot\" directory (the main directory of the IIS Server). Picture help
Step 3: Set/Change the fixed data in the sqlsmshandling.aspx.cs file (e.g., server name, user name, password). Picture help
Step 4: Start the Ozeki NG - SMS Gateway Server (if not running). Picture help
Step 5: Start a web browser application (IE, Firefox, etc.) and enter this: http://127.0.0.1/sqlsmshandling.aspx (127.0.0.1 means that the sqlsmshandling.aspx and sqlsmshandling.aspx.cs files reside on the same computer on which the browser has been opened). Picture help
Step 6: Fill in the necessary fields, and then click the "Send" button. Picture help
Step 7: Verify the message has been sent by Ozeki NG - SMS Gateway. Picture help

Understanding the code

The downloadable sample script inserts the message to be sent into the ozekimessageout database table. Ozeki NG - SMS Gateway periodically checks the table, and if it finds a row where the status is send, then it will try to send it. Inside the script you have to set the server name to where the MS SQL Server is running, the username (specifying who can log in to the MS SQL Server) with the password and the type of the SMS message.

The source code of the example application is structured in the following way:

sqlsmshandling.aspx:
This file contains page builder asp elements (text boxes, labels, etc.).

sqlsmshandling.aspx.cs:
   Page_Load(...): calls refreshing methods for tables incoming and outgoing messages.
   refreshOutgoingMessageList(): refreshes table outgoing messages.
   refreshIncomingMessageList(): refreshes table incoming messages.
   buttonSendOnClick(...): creates and inserts the sms from the given data and calls refreshing methods for tables incoming and outgoing messages.
   hideAndShowTextboxError(...): shows error text box if there is an error.
   putMessageToDatabase(...): inserts the message into ozekimessageout database table.
   createDatabaseConnection(): tries to connect to the MS SQL Server.

Description of the process depicted in Figure 1 above:

Step 1: Create the HTML form
In the sqlsmshandling.aspx file, you create the form that requests the sms data and tables for incoming and outgoing messages. The Internet user fills in the necessaries. Label and textbox pairs will be displayed. Labels identify the requested data for the Internet user, and they will type it in textboxes. The user will be asked to fill in the Recipient and Message text fields. A multiline textbox is used to inform the Internet user about error(s) or result(s) of sending the message. At first, the error box will be invisible (it will be set in the sqlsmshandling.aspx.cs file).

sqlsmshandling.aspx
...
<form id="SMSForm" runat="server">
    <div>
        <asp:Table ID="Table1" runat="server" HorizontalAlign="Center" Width="750">
            <asp:TableHeaderRow>
                <asp:TableHeaderCell Font-Bold="true" ColumnSpan="2" HorizontalAlign="Center">
                    Compose message
                </asp:TableHeaderCell>
            </asp:TableHeaderRow>
            <asp:TableRow>
                <asp:TableCell VerticalAlign="Top">
                    <asp:Label ID="labelRecipient" runat="server" Text="Recipient(s):"></asp:Label>
                </asp:TableCell>
                <asp:TableCell>
                    <asp:TextBox ID="textboxRecipient" runat="server" TextMode="MultiLine" Width="500" Rows="3">
                    </asp:TextBox>
                </asp:TableCell>
            </asp:TableRow>
            <asp:TableRow>
                <asp:TableCell VerticalAlign="Top">
                    <asp:Label ID="labelMessage" runat="server" Text="Message text:"></asp:Label>
                </asp:TableCell>
                <asp:TableCell>
                    <asp:TextBox ID="textboxMessage" runat="server" TextMode="MultiLine" Width="500" Rows="8">
                    </asp:TextBox>
                </asp:TableCell>
            </asp:TableRow>
            <asp:TableRow>
                <asp:TableCell HorizontalAlign="Center" ColumnSpan="2">
                    <asp:Button ID="buttonSend" runat="server" Text="Send" OnClick="buttonSendOnClick" />
                </asp:TableCell>
            </asp:TableRow>
            <asp:TableRow>
                <asp:TableCell HorizontalAlign="Center" ColumnSpan="2">
                    <asp:TextBox ID="textboxError" ForeColor="Red" TextMode="MultiLine" Rows="4"
                                    Visible="false" Text="" Width="400" runat="server"></asp:TextBox>
                </asp:TableCell>
            </asp:TableRow>
        </asp:Table>

        <br />
        <br />

        <asp:Table ID="tableOutMessages" BorderWidth="1" GridLines="Both" HorizontalAlign="Center" runat="server" Width="750">
            <asp:TableHeaderRow>
                <asp:TableHeaderCell ColumnSpan="9" HorizontalAlign="Center" Font-Bold="true">
                    Outgoing messages
                </asp:TableHeaderCell>
            </asp:TableHeaderRow>
            <asp:TableRow>
                <asp:TableCell ColumnSpan="9" HorizontalAlign="Center">
                    <asp:Button ID="buttonRefreshOut" runat="server" Text="Refresh" />
                </asp:TableCell>
            </asp:TableRow>
            <asp:TableRow>
                <asp:TableCell Font-Bold="true">ID</asp:TableCell>
                <asp:TableCell Font-Bold="true">Sender</asp:TableCell>
                <asp:TableCell Font-Bold="true">Receiver</asp:TableCell>
                <asp:TableCell Font-Bold="true">Sent time</asp:TableCell>
                <asp:TableCell Font-Bold="true">Recieved time</asp:TableCell>
                <asp:TableCell Font-Bold="true">Operator</asp:TableCell>
                <asp:TableCell Font-Bold="true">Status</asp:TableCell>
                <asp:TableCell Font-Bold="true">Message type</asp:TableCell>
                <asp:TableCell Font-Bold="true">Message</asp:TableCell>
            </asp:TableRow>
        </asp:Table>

        <br />
        <br />

        <asp:Table ID="tableInMessages" BorderWidth="1" GridLines="Both" HorizontalAlign="Center" runat="server" Width="750">
            <asp:TableHeaderRow>
                <asp:TableHeaderCell ColumnSpan="8" HorizontalAlign="Center" Font-Bold="true">
                    Incoming messages
                </asp:TableHeaderCell>
            </asp:TableHeaderRow>
            <asp:TableRow>
                <asp:TableCell ColumnSpan="8" HorizontalAlign="Center">
                    <asp:Button ID="buttonRefreshIn" runat="server" Text="Refresh" />
                </asp:TableCell>
            </asp:TableRow>
            <asp:TableRow>
                <asp:TableCell Font-Bold="true">ID</asp:TableCell>
                <asp:TableCell Font-Bold="true">Sender</asp:TableCell>
                <asp:TableCell Font-Bold="true">Receiver</asp:TableCell>
                <asp:TableCell Font-Bold="true">Sent time</asp:TableCell>
                <asp:TableCell Font-Bold="true">Recieved time</asp:TableCell>
                <asp:TableCell Font-Bold="true">Operator</asp:TableCell>
                <asp:TableCell Font-Bold="true">Message type</asp:TableCell>
                <asp:TableCell Font-Bold="true">Message</asp:TableCell>
            </asp:TableRow>
        </asp:Table>
    </div>
</form>
...
            


In the "protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)" procedure (in sqlsmshandling.aspx.cs), you refresh the content of the 2 tables. The text of the error box is red, and the first is invisible and empty.

sqlsmshandling.aspx.cs
...
protected void Page_Load(object sender, EventArgs e)
{
    string errStr = refreshOutgoingMessageList();
        if (errStr != "")
        {
            hideAndShowTextboxError(errStr);
            return;
        }
        else
            hideAndShowTextboxError("");

        errStr = refreshIncomingMessageList();
        if (errStr != "")
        {
            hideAndShowTextboxError(errStr);
            return;
        }
        else
            hideAndShowTextboxError("");
}
...
            

Step 2: Processing data coming from the HTML form
After filling in the fields and clicking the Send button , the ASP server receives the information about the form. In the sqlsmshandling.aspx.cs file, the "protected void buttonSendOnClick(object sender, EventArgs e)" procedure is called. At the begining of the procedure, check the data of the textbox fields. The Recipient box is mandatory. If it is empty, the processing will be aborted, and the Internet user will be informed about the error. If the checking is successful, you will insert a new row into the ozekimessageout database table (in putMessageToDatabase(...)). We need the following: the address of the computer running the Microsoft SQL Server [the default address is (local)\SQLExpress ((local) means that MS SQL Server is installed on the same computer on which the ASP.NET script is running)], the username (who is authorized to log in to the MS SQL Server and to insert messages, the user's password, the message type (the default is SMS:TEXT), the recipient and the message data.

sqlsmshandling.aspx.cs
...
    protected void buttonSendOnClick(object sender, EventArgs e)
    {
        //you check that the recipient text box isn't empty
        if (textboxRecipient.Text == "")
        {
            hideAndShowTextboxError("Recipient(s) field mustn't be empty!");
            return;
        }

        hideAndShowTextboxError(
            putMessageToDatabase(textboxRecipient.Text, textboxMessage.Text));

        refreshIncomingMessageList();
        refreshOutgoingMessageList();
    }

    ...

    protected string putMessageToDatabase(string receiver, string messageText)
    {
        string errText = createDatabaseConnection();
        if (sqlConn == null)
        {
            return errText;
        }
        else
            errText = "";

        try
        {
            System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand mySQLComm = sqlConn.CreateCommand();
            mySQLComm.CommandText = "insert into ozekimessageout (msgtype,receiver,msg,status) " +
                "values ('SMS:TEXT','" + receiver + "','" + messageText + "','send');";
            if (mySQLComm.ExecuteNonQuery() == 0)
            {
                errText = "Insert was UNsuccessful!";
            }
            else
            {
                errText = "Insert was successful!";
            }

            sqlConn.Close(); //we close the SQL connection
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            errText = e.Message;
        }

        return errText;
    }

    protected string createDatabaseConnection()
    {
        string errorText = "";

        if (sqlConn != null)
        {
            try
            {
                sqlConn.Open();
            }
            catch (Exception e)
            {
                errorText = e.Message;
            }
            return errorText;
        }

        //we create a database connection
        string SQLServerName = "(local)\\SQLExpress";
        string SQLServerDatabaseName = "ozekisms";
        string SQLServerUserName = "sqluser";
        string SQLServerPassword = "abc123";
        string connectionString =
            "Server=" + SQLServerName + ";Database=" + SQLServerDatabaseName + ";" +
            "User Id=" + SQLServerUserName + ";Password=" + SQLServerPassword + ";";

        try
        {
            sqlConn =
                new System.Data.SqlClient.SqlConnection(connectionString);
            sqlConn.Open();
        }
        catch (Exception exc)
        {
            errorText = exc.Message;
        }

        return errorText;
    }
...
            


Step 3: Checking the incoming and the outgoing message tables

By refreshing the table of incoming and outgoing messages, you can check the incoming messages and the status of outgoing messages. Look at the refreshOutgoingMessageList() procedure. First, you delete its rows, but not the first 3 rows. You have to delete them, because this procedure may be called more than once. Then, you create the connection object. If it is successful, you will refill the outgoing messages table.

sqlsmshandling.aspx.cs
...
    protected string refreshOutgoingMessageList()
    {
        //we keep the first 3 rows
        for (int i = tableOutMessages.Rows.Count - 1; i >= 3; --i)
            tableOutMessages.Rows.RemoveAt(i);

        string errText = createDatabaseConnection();
        if (sqlConn == null)
        {
            return errText;
        }
        else
            errText = "";

        try
        {
            System.Data.SqlClient.SqlCommand mySQLComm = sqlConn.CreateCommand();
            mySQLComm.CommandText = "select id,sender,receiver,msg,senttime,receivedtime," +
                "operator,msgtype,status from ozekimessageout;";

            System.Data.SqlClient.SqlDataReader dr = mySQLComm.ExecuteReader();
            if (dr != null)
            {
                while (dr.Read())
                {
                    TableRow tr = new TableRow();
                    TableCell tc = new TableCell();
                    tc.Text = (dr.IsDBNull(0)) ? (" ") : (dr.GetInt32(0).ToString()); //id
                    tr.Cells.Add(tc);
                    tc = new TableCell();
                    tc.Text = (dr.IsDBNull(1)) ? (" ") : (dr.GetString(1)); //sender
                    tr.Cells.Add(tc);
                    tc = new TableCell();
                    tc.Text = (dr.IsDBNull(2)) ? (" ") : (dr.GetString(2)); //receiver
                    tr.Cells.Add(tc);
                    tc = new TableCell();
                    tc.Text = (dr.IsDBNull(4)) ? (" ") : (dr.GetString(4)); //senttime
                    tr.Cells.Add(tc);
                    tc = new TableCell();
                    tc.Text = (dr.IsDBNull(5)) ? (" ") : (dr.GetString(5)); //received time
                    tr.Cells.Add(tc);
                    tc = new TableCell();
                    tc.Text = (dr.IsDBNull(6)) ? (" ") : (dr.GetString(6)); //operator
                    tr.Cells.Add(tc);
                    tc = new TableCell();
                    tc.Text = (dr.IsDBNull(8)) ? (" ") : (dr.GetString(8)); //status
                    tr.Cells.Add(tc);
                    tc = new TableCell();
                    tc.Text = (dr.IsDBNull(7)) ? (" ") : (dr.GetString(7)); //msgtype
                    tr.Cells.Add(tc);
                    tc = new TableCell();
                    tc.Text = (dr.IsDBNull(3)) ? (" ") : (dr.GetString(3)); //msg
                    tr.Cells.Add(tc);
                    tableOutMessages.Rows.Add(tr);
                }
                dr.Close();
            }

            sqlConn.Close(); //we close the SQL connection
        }
        catch (Exception e)
        {
            errText = e.Message;
        }

        return errText;
    }
...
            

Summary

In the article it has been explained how you can add SMS functionality to your website by using the downloadable ASP.NET example code. You can freely use and modify that script. Using ASP.NET scripts (and the Ozeki NG - SMS Gateway Server) you can create a lot of useful services(e.g.: you can add SMS functionality to a website or a corporate Intranet, create automated SMS notifications, increase website security by adding SMS login, etc.).

Frequently asked questions

Question: How can I send different message types?
Answer: For example, a Wap push message:
   
...
mySQLComm.CommandText = "insert into ozekimessageout (msgtype,receiver,msg,status) " +
                        "values ('SMS:WAPPUSH','" + receiver + "','" + messageText + "','send');";
...
messageText format will be the following:
<si>
<indication href="http://target_address" action="signal-high">
text of description
</indication>
</si>

The action can be one of the following: signal-high, signal-medium, signal-low, signal-none, signal-delete

Question: Can I run the ASP script on a computer different from the one running the Ozeki NG - SMS Gateway Server and the MS SQL Server?
Answer: Yes, you can. In the script you have to set the Server in the "connectionString" of the computer running the MS SQL Server.

Question: Can I set the phone number so that the recipient can see where the sms comes from?
Answer: Yes, you can. In the script you have to set the sender field too. It works only if you have IP SMS connection.
   
...
string sender = "+449876543";
mySQLComm.CommandText = "insert into ozekimessageout (msgtype,sender,receiver,msg,status) " +
                        "values ('SMS:WAPPUSH','" + sender + "','" + receiver + "','" + messageText + "','send');";
...
            

Dig deeper!
People who read this also read...


Ozeki NG Installation Guide
SMS Message Types
RS232 Serial Cable and Industrial Modems
IP SMS Gateway
Supported phones and GSM devices
IIS Installing
Message statuses in database
Database table layout



Next page: Allow authentication
Copyright © 2000 - 2017 Ozeki Informatics Ltd.
All rights reserved

Software PBX for Windows | VoIP SDK   |   Legal information   |   Privacy policy   |   Terms of use
Please, address your inquiries to info@ozekisms.com